“Disability in the arts is an aspect within various arts disciplines of inclusive practices involving disability, and manifests itself in the output and mission of some stage and modern dance performing-arts companies, as well as the subject matter of individual works of art, such as the work of specific painters and those who draw.
The term “Disability in the arts” is different from “Disability Art”. “Disability in the arts” refers to art that includes disabled people, whether in themes, in performance, or in the creation of the artwork. “Disability Art” refers to works focusing on disability as the central theme, taking a more direct, activist approach to promoting the concerns of people with disabilities to a wide audience. It also can refer to work that is made as a political act toward shaping a new community, fostering disability culture: “Disability culture is the difference between being alone, isolated, and individuated with a physical, cognitive, emotional or sensory difference that in our society invites discrimination and reinforces that isolation – the difference between all that and being in community. Naming oneself part of a larger group, a social movement or a subject position in modernity can help to focus energy, and to understand that solidarity can be found – precariously, in improvisation, always on the verge of collapse.” – Petra Kuppers
People with disabilities sometimes participate in artistic activities as part of expressive therapy (also known as “expressive arts therapy” or “creative arts therapy”). Expressive therapy may take the form of writing therapy, music therapy, drama therapy, or another artistic method. While creativity and artistic expression are important parts of expressive therapy, they are secondary to the goal of achieving a therapeutic benefit. This article describes disability in the arts where artistic achievement is the primary goal.”